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Much of the Amazon was planted and planned out by people. It took 4,500 years of soil building, careful plant selection and cultivation. Indigenous people did that. nature.com/articles/s41477-018

They used wood charcoal, broken pottery, bones, ashes, compost and other materials to create what settlers called "Terra preta." At first whites didn't credit the indigenous people with making this soil. They thought it was volcanos or brought in by river flooding. But it was the people, and they had been doing it since 450 BC. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terra_pr

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Terra preta propagates itself and the benefits of making it last thousands of years. It holds water and nutrients better and increases agricultural yield because of the high carbon content. It also provides a home for beneficial bacteria, fungi microrhizomes and earthworms. And it increases soil pH, making it perfect for the acidic rainforest conditions.

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@interneteh I'm reminded now and then of how even well-meaning anti-colonial leftists can slip into "noble savage" territory with things like "well the land/forest would provide everything for indigenous folks" as if it wasn't the indigenous folks actively working and strategizing for thousands of years to purposely create and maintain this harmony. Dope research link to send around to challenge those assumptions.

@norm yeah the facts are absolutely against that "Indians living in harmony with nature" thing. It was intelligence, hard work and engineering. And white people were the jerks who didn't recognize it for what it was

@interneteh @norm similar histories and denials in the australian context, recently reiterated in the controversy over bruce pascoe's 'dark emu'.

@interneteh the abstract doesn't mention planting except for "limited clearing for crop cultivation". Modifying a forest is very different from (and probably more stable than) planting one.

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