In contrast to autopoietic systems, they are characterized by cooperative, amorphous qualities. Sympoietic systems recurringly produce a self-similar pattern of relations through continued complex interactions among their many different components. Rather than delineating boundaries, interactions among components and the self-organizing capabilities of a system are recognized as the defining qualities.
Sympoiesis: This is a much better explanation of a social system then Luhmann's autopoietic social system, based on Maturana and Varela. Social systems have at best fuzzy boundaries, not quite delineated forms that change with each interaction. They are networks of processes, not self-defined organisms.
Sympoietic systems depend on the organizational information contained in their components, which are typically autopoietic systems. Yet there is also organizational information contained in the network of interactions among the autopoietic systems – the pattern of relations and processes that manifest the sympoietic system structure. This information is not held by any particular entity, but is distributed among the interconnected components and processes, hence leading also to distributed control. Sympoietic systems build their complexity by incorporating a variety of complex components.
Sunbeam City is a anticapitalist, antifascist solarpunk instance that is run collectively.