It isn't always better for the environment to buy food locally. How it was farmed and how it was imported matter too. Most of the carbon footprint of groceries is from how they were grown and not how they were transported.

If it's in season where you live, then locally grown is best. If it's out of season, you need to consider a more nuanced point of view.

some surprising sustainability 


* Growing almonds for almond milk damages ecosystems and uses a *lot* of water. 80% of the world's almonds come from California, where severe droughts can be a problem

* Soy farming drives deforestation in South America. Tofu can have twice the carbon footprint of chicken

* Fish populations are dynamic. Sustainable fishing leaves land open for reforestation

* Bioplastics are not necessarily better than recyclable plastics like PET

* Industrial cooking is more efficient than home cooking. Tinned tomatoes, chick peas, etc can be a good option

* Cling film is plastic, and plastic is not good. But if you use it carefully, you can prevent food waste, which is worse. Beeswax wrapping is ideal

* Leather can last over a decade, and is biodegradable. Fake leather is made from short lived plastic

* Cotton production is energy intensive. A cotton bag needs to be used 149 times to be more carbon efficient than plastic. Get a good one. Use it often

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some surprising sustainability 

@InvaderXan I already knew about the almonds, but not about the soy. Thank you.

I'm lactose intolerant. What do you recommend for a milk alternative (I like flax milk best taste wise, but not a lot of places carry it) I mean between Oat/Rice/Coconut?

I like crochet. lately I've been buying cotton and bamboo. I heard Bamboo is overrated though. Is that true?

How bad is wool other than the sheep existing perspective?

Sorry for so many questions.

some surprising sustainability 

@lapis @InvaderXan I'm gonna jump back in here with some textile commentary. My BA is costuming, my MFA is fashion textiles. Any natural textile could be done sustainably, however, the second you get into any larger scale dyeing or production, you immediately get into environmental damage (dyestuffs/bleaching/water resources) and worker exploitation (costs/manufacturing).

If you were growing your own fibers locally, and only used them to make the least amount of clothing that everyone needed, things could be balanced. We have fashion industries that churn out multiple season of clothing per year, all just to tempt people to buy things, not because all that new clothing is required.

Thrifting clothing takes it out of the trash stream, and better uses the dyes and water that went into making that fabric in the first place. But you need rich people casting off tons of stuff to have materials to thrift.

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